The prevalence of gang violence has a deep impact on women’s lives as they seek to find a safer environment. Women’s bodies are used to initiate new gang members ; to strategically eliminate strict boundaries between gangs and communities in order to lessen local resistance; and to humiliate communities into submission . Women’s bodies become integral to the political economy of a gang, from how it gains power to how it maintains dominance. Dismantling this system of control over women’s bodies is key to dismantling the structures of gangs. ) found that one of women’s three primary motivations for joining gangs was an interest, curiosity, or liking for this type of group . Women are also influenced to join by friends, boyfriends, husbands, and brothers who are gang-affiliated. Broadly speaking, gang membership may provide both security and a measure of independence for women.
Abortion in El Salvador is illegal in all circumstances, even in cases of rape. Some women who have had abortions — or like 19-year-old Evelyn Hernández, who gave birth outside of the hospital and whose baby didn’t survive — have been convicted of aggravated homicide. The punishment is a 30-year prison sentence, the same as for a gang member https://bestlatinawomen.com/salvadorian-women/ who is convicted of murder. It’s common for doctors to report women who have had an abortion or attempt to obtain one. Like a particularly gruesome tunnel vision, filled with carnage and cruelty. It’s not that the high femicide rate was being ignored, exactly, it was simply less obvious when men were shooting each other in broad daylight.
Ms. GNANCADJA, expert from Benin, asked several questions regarding legal equality between men and women. FATIMA KWAKU, expert from Nigeria, noted the creation of the Agricultural Development Bank in El Salvador, which provided credit and technical assistance to men and women alike. What percentage of that assistance went to women, specifically rural women?
Even though 18 Latin American countries — including Brazil and El Salvador — have changed their laws to make killing women a crime, the situation continues unabated. Victims of domestic abuse and rape there have little recourse – or hope of escape – from a society dominated by gang culture, machismo, and violent agression towards women. ASEI offers training on business management and financial education (e.g. budget planning and prevention of over-indebtedness).
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“In this house, we want a life that is free of violence against women” reads a message on the wall outside of La Casa de las Mujeres. “Our goal is that women implement what they’ve learned, organize, seek their own funding, build relationships with institutions and make demands,” Alvarez argues. She also trains public officials whenever there’s a lack of awareness about the laws that protect women against violence. “In this house, we want a life that is free of violence against women,” reads a spray-painted message on the walls of Suchitoto, a small town in El Salvador’s Cuscatlan Department. The street art is hard to miss; not for the graceful hummingbird that accompanies it or the fact that it’s almost everywhere in town, but for its transgression. Colombia – The IRC is providing small group and individual psychosocial support in Medellin, with staff wearing PPE and following proper social distancing.
The country was the scene of a brutal civil war, the Salvadoran Civil War, between 1979 – 1992, which subjected women to extreme violence. More than half of Salvadorans are Roman Catholic, with the next group being that of Protestants . In their workshops, FESPAD focus on two key laws in El Salvador; the First Comprehensive Law for a Life Free of Violence against Women, and the Law of Equality, Fairness and the Elimination of Discrimination against Women. Easy-to-read booklets are available, so women can better understand how to press charges and where to get help. If a woman does require help, FESPAD are on hand to provide legal advice and aid. After this incident, Ana and Liudimila requested, along with members of FESPAD and 15 other women, an audience with the local police chief.
The report notes that according to the Human Development Report2002, El Salvador’s gender empowerment measure ranking is 52 out of 66 countries. That means that El Salvador has failed significantly to break with the systems and structures that hinder women’s inclusion in decision-making and political life. The report states that women encounter serious obstacles in entering the workforce because of family responsibilities, housework and motherhood. Parity of pay for equal work had increased slightly between 1995 and 1997.
CEDAW’s General Recommendation 24 also articulates the connection between the right to health during pregnancy and the right to life, stating that inaccessibility of reproductive care corresponds with high rates of unsafe abortions and subsequently mortality. Furthermore, the criminalization of services that only women require constitutes discrimination by sex, which is a violation of CEDAW’s Article 12. This article obliges states to adopt measures to eliminate discrimination against women in health care, including equal access to family planning services, to ensure the right to non-discrimination and equity. CEDAW’s General Recommendation 24 upholds that the state has an obligation to respect women’s access to reproductive health care, and that barriers preventing and punishing this access , are in violation of their right to health.
Children who are 16 and older may engage in light work on coffee and sugar plantations and in the fishing industry so long as it does not harm their health or interfere with their education. The labor code allows penalties for violations of up to 28 times the minimum monthly wage, which was generally not sufficient to deter violations. The lack of sufficient resources for inspectors reduced their ability to enforce the law fully. There were no reports of forced labor, according to the Ministry of Labor.
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The government reported that the poverty income level was $179.67 per month in urban areas and $126.97 in rural areas. The government continued to participate in an ILO project to provide educational opportunities to children while offering livelihood alternatives for their families. Through this project the Ministry of Education promoted child labor awareness and encouraged school attendance, including operating after-school programs in 2,000 schools during the year. During the year the ministry developed a permanent work plan for child labor verification aimed at eliminating the worst forms of child labor and creating a culture of compliance and respect for the law among employers. The Ministry of Labor is responsible for enforcing child labor laws but did so with limited effectiveness. The law specifies a default fine of no more than $60 for each violation of most labor laws, including child labor laws; such penalties were insufficient to act as a deterrent.
In fact, Conna’s deputy, Griselda Gonzalez says she has no knowledge of any cases. In Barrio 18 alone, Factum has identified at least 12 different cuckoo families, and has interviewed six women forced to look after the children of gang members. The gang rules the community with an iron fist, deciding what clothes young people should wear, which school they should go to, what music can be played on the street and when people have to stop drinking alcohol of an evening. Analysts say the epidemic of gang violence in El Salvador was fuelled in the 1990s by the US deportations of MS-13 gang members. Alleged members of the 18th Neighborhood gang in a police station in San Salvador.
As for the Convention’s Optional Protocol, she hoped the legislature would ratify it after the country’s upcoming elections. Concerning the lack of women in international posts, specifically as female ambassadors, she explained that foreign service legislation was being considered that would include percentage quotas and incentives for women to participate. She added that more women than men actually worked in the foreign service, with men serving at the extremes — the ambassadorial and general service levels. Introducing the reports, Marisol Argueta, El Salvador’s Director General for External Politics, told the Committee that the Institute had been set up in 1996 to oversee national policies for women. The National Policy for Women was then adopted in 1997 to focus on ten areas of interest to women, and had recently set up a new plan of action.
Between October 2019 and April 2020 alone, at least seven trans women and two gay men were murdered in El Salvador, with details in the cases suggesting that the killers were motivated by hatred based on the victims’ gender identity or sexual orientation. – A judge in San Salvador has found three police officers guilty of the January 2019 killing of Camila Díaz Córdova, a transgender woman, and sentenced each to 20 years in prison, Human Rights Watch said today. The court’s July 28, 2020 judgment is pivotal for the rights of transgender Salvadorans as it is the first homicide conviction for the killing of a transgender person in the country.
Those who are able to, and are willing to try, go to a centre where they can have an illegal abortion but where they will face extremely serious health risks”. Young women who are attracted by the power of gang members and pair up with one of them gain recognition from mara members, protection, and a prosperous life, thanks to profits from criminal activities. These girlfriends are called hainas and have a number of obligations such as taking care of the group, delivering messages, and not denouncing what they see. If their partner is jailed they are expected to wait for him to be released, to visit him and take him money. If a haina decides to end the relationship while her partner is locked up she is likely to be assassinated. The role of the mareras is closely linked to the traditional gender division of labour, acting as carers for their partners and the group, cooking and looking after the injured or ill. Other roles include being messengers, following potential victims, conducting surveillance and receiving payments for activities carried out by their male peers such as extortion, assault and trafficking.